15 Common tooth Problems

Oral problems are no fun, but the good thing is that most of them can be easily prevented. With practices like brushing properly daily, flossing, eating a balanced diet and dental checkups are essential steps in keeping the dental problems at bay.

Keeping you well informed about the common oral problems and their causes can also play key role in prevention. Here is a list of common dental problems and their causes:

Bad Breath

Bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be downright humiliating, but you are not the only one suffering from bad breath. According to dental research studies, about 80% of people with consistent bad breath have a dental condition that is to be criticized.

Cavities, bacteria on the tongue, gum disease, oral cancer and dry mouth are some of the oral problems that can cause bad breath. If you are suffering from chronic bad breath, see your dental specialist to rule out any of these problems. Using mouthwash to conceal bad breath when an oral problem is present will only mask the odor and not fix it.

Oral Cancer

As its name indicates, Oral cancer is a deadly and devastating dental disease that affects millions of people in India. People of India are most affected by oral cancer because of their bad habit of tobacco. In fact, more than 300,000 new cases of oral cancer are encountered every year globally, with estimates that someone dies every day from oral cancer. The good news is that this seriously life-threatening oral disease, which is pertinent to mouth, throat or lips, is often highly curable if detected and treated in the early stages.

Oropharyngeal Cancer

Ororpharyngeal cancer can destructively impact upon any area of the oropharyngeal cavity including the tongue, throat, gum tissue, lips, cheek lining, jaw and the hard or soft palate. It usually begins as a little, unrecognizable red or white spot or swelling anywhere in the throat or mouth.

During the dental appointment, your orthodontist can discuss about your medical history and check these areas for indication of mouth or throat cancer. Visit to the dentist on routine basis can enhance the possibility that any doubtful changes in your dental health will be caught early, at a stage when cancer can be treated more effectively and successfully.

Symptoms of mouth or throat cancer can include:

  • sores that just do not heal and bleed erratically
  • lumps of blood or thick spot
  • pain, numbness or super sensitivity
  • crusted or rough area near throat or mouth  Alteration in the manner your teeth fit together when you bite.

Do remember to tell your dentist about any issues you have while speaking, chewing, swallowing or rolling your tongue or jaw. A dental check-up will include examination of the entire mouth that is crucial in the early diagnosis of pre-cancerous and cancerous conditions.

Gum Disease (Periodontal disease)

Gum diseases are directly associated to strokes and heart attacks as stated by dental studies. Gum disease also known by periodontal disease is an infection in the gums encircling the teeth. This serious gum disease is also one of the major causes of tooth loss among adults.

The 2 major stages of gum disease includes: gingivitis and periodontitis. Regular dental check-ups combined with brushing at least twice a day can go a long way in preventing gum disease.

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. It is reversible. However, if not treated timely, gingivitis causes more devastating form of gum/periodontal disease known as periodontitis.

There are also chances to have gum disease but have no warning signals. And this is one main reason why regular dental examinations are so important. Treatment options depend upon the kind of periodontal disease and how far the problem has progressed. Proper dental hygiene at home is significant to help keep gum disease from recurring or getting serious. Properly clean between your teeth, brush daily, eat healthy diet, and plan routine dental visits for a lifelong beautiful and healthy smiles.

Tooth Decay

Most of you would be surprised to know that tooth decay, also referred to as cavities, is the second most common oral disease in India as well as United States. Tooth decay has a process of occurrence that includes- plaque, the gluey material that forms on teeth, consolidates with the sugars and/or starches of the food we eat. This consolidation further forms acids that attack tooth enamel.

An ideal way to prevent tooth decay is brushing twice daily, especially once before going to bed, flossing daily, and going for regular dental checkups. Eating nutritious foods and avoiding sugary drinks and snacks are also good ways to prevent decay.


It is yeast or a fungus infection that ferments like a white film in the mouth. People who have illness that impacts the immune system are at higher risk of experiencing thrush. This includes people on steroids to deal their asthma, cancer or HIV/AIDS patients. People with uncontrollable or untreated diabetes are also prone to thrush because sugar in saliva boosts yeast to grow. The problem of Thrush is also seen in people who wear dentures. If you see any of these signs, consult your dentist. After a scraping to assure you have thrush, the specialist will prescribe medicine to clear it up.

Dry mouth

Many of us may experience dry mouth sometimes, but it is okay to feel that ways as it could be due to lack of liquid intake or work pressure. But if you constantly feel your mouth to be dry, it may be a condition of consideration. Some health issues or ongoing medications can cause dry mouth. Visiting a dentist, allows you to know the exact cause and cure of the problem. Your dental specialist will examine your teeth for prevalence of cavity that can be a consequence from reduced salivary flow. A specialist will check for any underlying illness that may be causing your dry mouth. Having a dry mouth is not only serious but taking utmost care of your mouth, gums and teeth becomes primarily important along with regular dental visits when living with dry mouth.

Asthma patients using oral inhalers for asthma often form oral candidiasis, an oral fungal infection, and are boosted to wash off their mouths with water after using the inhaler. So, update your dentist with all what medications you are taking and health issues you are going through and any other relevant information that may help determine the cause of your dry mouth.

Mouth Sores

There are several kinds of mouth sores and they can be wicked and troublesome. Unless a mouth sore lasts for more than 2 weeks, it is generally nothing to worry about and will go away on its own. The most common type of mouth sores are ulcers, fever blisters, cold sores, canker sores and thrush.

Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is another most common problem that affects millions of people in India.

The symptoms of these problems are diagnosed by feeling pain and uneasiness in your teeth. A wince in your teeth from cold drinks, hot drinks, sweets, ice cream, pickles, food or cold air etc. is a clear signal of sensitivity. Some people with severely affected teeth even experience sensitivity from brushing and flossing. It is mainly caused due to cavities, gum disease, worn fillings, worn tooth enamel, fractured teeth or exposed tooth root. This dental problem can be safely treated.

Chipped Tooth

If you unstopping hog on tough foods like ice, walnuts, sugarcane, you are likely to get mouths piercing, grinding teeth or the worst of all- at a greater risk of chipped tooth. You might also experience severe pain, based upon how much tooth has been lost. You will experience a feel a rough tooth surface or edge when you run your tongue through it.

If such a situation occurs, visit a dentist straightaway. If it is a small chip, the dentist will be able to smooth it down easily. A dentist can apply a veneer, tooth-colored filling or crown to structure your smile after a larger chip.

Tooth Erosion

Tooth erosion is referred to as the loss of the tooth structure and is caused by acid attacking the enamel. Tooth erosion symptoms and signs can vary from tooth sensitivity, cracking to more severe problem such as grinding. Tooth erosion can be easily prevented taking certain precautions like proper cleaning of teeth and mouth on daily basis, using teeth guards during athletic events etc.

Missing Teeth

This might sound shocking but as per a dental study it is reported that on an average, an adult between the ages of 20 and 64 has three or more missing or decayed teeth. If your one or more teeth are missing, there are abundant of reasons to rectify the problem. For one point, a huge space between your teeth may reflect the way you speak or eat. Even if it is not visible, a missing molar can impact the way you chew. The remaining teeth may move from their original positions and in some cases, bone loss can also occur near a missing tooth. The good news is that with current advancements in dental industry, you do not have to suffer from missing teeth for lifetime. The various available options to replace a lost tooth or teeth are-

  • Bridges- Anchored to your neighbouring teeth, these can be both fixed or removable, depending on your mouth, dental needs and of course dentist’s recommendation.
  • Impalnts- These give an impression of natural tooth.
  • Dentures- It is an ideal option for those who have lost all or most of their teeth.

Consult your dentist for best suitable kind of replacement for your teeth.


Not all toothache demands a dental visit. They can be treated well at home or by consulting a dentist for easy and quick recovery.

Dental Emergencies

Dental emergencies can and do happen and having a dental emergency can be scary and troublesome. Luckily, there problems are curable.

Unsightly Smile

While a not so appealing smile is not practically a "dental problem," it is regarded a dental issue by people who are unsatisfied with their smile and it is also a main reason that many patients undergo cosmetic or dental treatment.

Fortunately, with technological developments and advancements in today’s dental practices, anyone can gain an attractive smile. Whether it is dental implants, teeth whitening, smile correcting, cosmetic dental procedure or orthodontics, possibilities are that your dentist will give you the smile of your wish.